Monica Bond

Research Interests

I am a wildlife biologist with an emphasis on integrating behavioral ecology and demography to conserve threatened species. My PhD research focuses on dynamics and persistence of a socially and spatially structured giraffe population in a coupled natural-human ecosystem. I am building upon a long-term database of >3,100 individually identified giraffes in the Tarangire Ecosystem of northern Tanzania to investigate fine-grained biological and ecological factors underlying social and spatial population dynamics. I am studying social networks, herd dynamics, and natal dispersal. Results from my research will have important implications for conservation and management of giraffes and other tropical ungulates inhabiting increasingly fragmented ecosystems.

Previously I studied space use by small mammals and Burrowing Owls in grasslands, habitat use by spotted owls in burned landscapes, and demography of northern elephant seals and arboreal salamanders in California and Hawaiian monk seals in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.


Education and Professional Positions

2017 - present Ph.D. candidate, Department of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zurich, Switzerland
2011 - 2017 Principal Scientist, Wild Nature Institute
2011 Biologist, The Institute for Bird Populations, Lassen National Forest, California
2004 -2010 Research Assistant, Point Blue Conservation Science, SE Farallon Island, California
2008 - 2009 Field Biologist, NMFS Pacific Islands Marine Science Center, Tern Island, Hawaii
2006 - 2007 Biologist and Co-Principal Investigator, The Institute for Bird Populations, Sequoia National Forest, California
2001 - 2006 Staff Biologist, Center for Biological Diversity, Idyllwild, California
1999 - 2001 Research Fellow, University of Minnesota Department of Fisheries, Wildlife & Conservation Biology
1996 - 1999 M.Sc. in Wildlife Science, Oregon State University

Selected Publications

  • Bond ML., Lee DE., Ozgul A., König B. (2019). Fission–fusion dynamics of a megaherbivore are driven by ecological, anthropogenic, temporal, and social factors. Oecologia, 191(2):335-347. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-019-04485-y
  • Bond ML., Lee DE. (2019). Simultaneous multiple‐calf allonursing by a wild Masai giraffe. African Journal of Ecology:Epub ahead of print. DOI: 10.1111/aje.12673
  • Lee DE., Cavener DR., Bond ML. (2018). Seeing spots: quantifying mother-offspring similarity and assessing fitness consequences of coat pattern traits in a wild population of giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis). PeerJ 6:e5690. DOI: 10.7717/peerj.5690
  • Lee DE., Bond ML., Bolger DT. (2017). Season of birth affects juvenile survival of giraffe. Population Ecology. DOI: 10.1007/s10144-017-0571-8
  • Lee DE., Kissui BM., Kiwango YA., Bond ML. (2016). Migratory herds of wildebeest and zebra indirectly affect juvenile survival of giraffes. Ecology and Evolution. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.2561